The running and sports injury clinic was developed to provide a diagnostic service to injured runners and other athletes. In order to understand the cause of running injuries sophisticated and precise biomechanical analysis must be conducted. This type of evaluation includes a computerized gait analysis that utilizes a state of the art motion analysis laboratory. The motion analysis laboratory includes : specialized treadmill, 3D video analysis system with special software, surface electromyography system and ground reaction force plate.
What Is the Procedure?
An initial evaluation is performed to determine how one’s structure may be influencing their movement. This comprehensive evaluation includes taking a detailed injury history, assessing shoes and abnormal wear patterns, and assessing structure and alignment focusing on the trunk and lower extremity.
A gait analysis includes the monitoring of movement patterns as the patient runs across the laboratory. Data are collected using 3D camera motion analysis system. Angles and speeds of joint motion can be determined from this information.
Runners traverse a force plate centered in the middle of the runway. These force measurements describe the way in which a runner applies forces to the ground and can provide information regarding balance and weight distribution as well as excessive loading that may be occurring.
Videotaping is done from the front, rear and side to provide a visual assessment of the runner.
Muscular activity is recorded with surface electromyography system
Interpretation of Gait Analysis
Gait analysis allows to quantitative and qualitative assessment of all the data collected. The information from the structural assessment, the biomechanics, the injury history and gait analysis data then integrated together in order to plan the best course of treatment for this patient. From this analysis, recommendations are typically made in the following areas:
Orthotics – braces to control unwanted movement or facilitate normal movement;
Footwear – prescribe shoes or shoe modifications which will optimize one’s gait pattern;
Therapy therapeutic intervention to strengthen and or increase flexibility of muscles which may be contributing to the abnormal gait pattern;
Mechanics – recommendations to change one’s mechanics which may be contributing to the abnormal gait and symptoms the patient is experiencing.