Originating in ancient China, acupuncture and Oriental medicine (OM) is a form of holistic medicine that uses needles, cupping, bodywork, and herbal supplements to treat a variety of issues. There are also many different school of Acupuncture and Oriental medicine, each focusing on different theories of treatment. The two notable ones are the Yin Yang Theory, and the Five Phase Theory (AKA Five Element Theory).
The Yin Yang theory is based on the dualistic philosophy of the Tai Ji. Just like the Yin cant exist with out the Yang, so too does the Yang need the Yin. Yang is hot, Yin cold. Yang is excess Yin is deficient. The Five Phase theory states that there are 5 phases (or elements) and each of the 12 Organ’s correspond to an element (When the word organ is used in OM, we do not mean the physical organ but the energy or Qi of the organ which runs along a specific pathway called Channels or Meridians). Fire burns and the ashes nourish the earth. Earth becomes condensed and make metal. Metal are the minerals that nourish the water. Water gives life to wood, and wood feeds the fire. However, water can put out the fire. Fire can melt metal. Metal can cut wood. Wood grows through earth, and earth can dam water.
Size of needle – Japanese needles are as thin as a hair follicle
Method of insertion – Japanese needles use plastic tube that increase accuracy and lowers pain
Depth of needle insertion – In Japanese acupuncture, the needles penetrate the skin but do not pierce muscle
Use of herbs – Japanese acupuncture does not normally use any form of herbs in conjunction with acupuncture, but refer to Kampo (Japanese Herb) specialist practitioners whose qualifications include a degree in herbal pharmacy
Reliance on touch – Japanese acupuncture relies on the pulse, palpation of the abdomen and every point before any needle is inserted
Use of moxa – Moxibustion involves warming the acupuncture points by burning moxa, derived from the mugwort plant, above the skin before the needles are inserted
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