IT Band Syndrome


About IT Band Syndrome

Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) is a common athletic injury that affects runners, cyclists and weightlifters. It is a common cause of knee pain in runners. The iliotibial band is a thick, fibrous band of fascia (connective tissue) that runs down the outside of the upper leg, from just above the hip to just below the knee.

The IT band plays an important role in knee stability during running, moving from behind the knee to the front of the femur with each stride. Repetitive knee movement coupled with continual rubbing of the IT band over the lateral condyle of the femur can cause the band to become inflamed, resulting in pain at the side of the knee, the primary symptom of ITBS.

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Dr. Lev Kalika
Dr. Lev Kalika

Clinical director & DC RMSK

About Dr. Lev Kalika, Clinical Director and DC, RMSK

Dr. Lev Kalika is clinical director of NYDNRehab, located in Manhattan. Dr. Kalika is the author of multiple medical publications and research, and an international expert in the field of gait and motion analysis, rehabilitative sonography, ultrasound guided dry needling and sports medicine. Dr. Kalika works with athletes, runners, dancers and mainstream clients to relieve pain, rehabilitate injuries, enhance performance and minimize the risk of injuries.

Using research grade technology for motion analysis and movement retraining, Dr.Kalika has perfected his personal approach to the treatment of IT Band syndrome. NYDNRehab features some of the most technologically advanced rehabilitation equipment in the world, rarely found in a private clinic.

Why Treatment at NYDNRehab is Better than
Conventional ITBS Physical Therapy

Our experience in combining innovative treatment methods with advanced technologies makes NYDNRehab the number one choice for physical therapy, chiropractic care and rehabilitation in NYC. We use FDA approved methodologies to successfully treat a broad range of conditions. Our patients include elite athletes and ballet dancers who come to us for rehab and performance enhancement.

We take a one-on-one approach to patient care. We understand that every patient has a unique anatomy, and that each condition has unique characteristics. We tailor our treatment plans to the individual, and never use cookie cutter approaches.

We are the top rated physical therapy clinic for lower extremity conditions in NYC. NYDNRehab accepts most health insurance plans, and we are happy to set up payment plans for our patients.

IT band symptoms

Symptoms and Causes of ITBS


  • Knee pain while running, dancing or cycling

  • Sharp pain at the outside of the knee

  • Clicking or popping at the knee joint

  • Stiffness and reduced range of motion

  • Increased pain at 30º flexion


  • Overuse from sports, dance or exercise

  • Incorrect training mechanics

  • Muscle weakness or lack of flexibility

  • Sudden increase in training load or volume

  • Inadequate pre-training warmup

Accurate ITBS Diagnosis Means Successful Treatment


Our specialists use high resolution diagnostic ultrasonography for dynamic imaging of the IT band and its motion across the lateral femoral condyle. With the help of sonoelastography, a new feature only available with ultrasound imaging, tissue elasticity can be measured and progress can be tracked and monitored.

The use of 3D motion and gait analysis as a diagnostic tool is another unique feature of our clinic. It is extremely effective for both diagnosis and real time feedback retraining.


Please explore more advanced diagnostic option unavailable anywhere else:

We Use High-Tech Equipment for Optimal Results

We Use High-Tech Equipment for Optimal Results

In addition to traditional soft tissue treatment of rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE), IT band physical therapy is the best way to resolve symptoms and return to full functional performance capacity. Our treatment approach is multifaceted and involves a unique combination of technologies and therapies that cannot be found elsewhere.

At NYDNRehab, we work with runners, dancers and athletes on a daily basis to relieve pain, rehabilitate injuries and enhance performance. Our team of sports medicine specialists understands the importance of flawless pain-free performance.

Simply strengthening the muscles and healing injured tissues is not enough. For effective treatment and safe return to sport, it is crucial to retrain the brain and neuromuscular system as well.

Our ITBS rehab toolbox includes:

  • High-resolution diagnostic ultrasound, to accurately diagnose, treat and monitor progress

  • C.A.R.E.N., our computer assisted rehab environment, for restoring stability and balance and providing real-time feedback for neuromuscular retraining

  • Kineo Intelligent Load system, for accurate and effective loading of the lower body, with real-time feedback for brain retraining

Our advanced technological systems take the guesswork out of rehab, providing quantitative data and accurate analysis that ensures our athletes can return to sport as quickly and safely as possible.

IT Band Syndrome Physical Therapy May Include:

IT Band Syndrome Physical Therapy May Include:

A good rehabilitation program for ITBS will re-educate your body in coordinated muscle recruitment and improved movement mechanics. At NYDNRehab, we go beyond treating your pain to correcting the underlying cause of ITBS, to restore optimal function and performance.


Regenerative Therapies
for ITBS

The human body has its own innate healing mechanisms, but it sometimes needs a nudge to accelerate the healing process. Regenerative technologies help to jump-start healing by stimulating tissue repair at the cellular level. Our outpatient regenerative therapies expedite recovery with minimal discomfort for the patient.

Focused Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT)

Focused ESWT is used as a regenerative treatment for damaged tendon, muscle and bone tissue. This technology produces high frequency sound waves to stimulate the body’s own reparative mechanisms. It is especially effective for chronic degenerative tendon disorders and myofascial pain syndrome.

Extracorporeal Magnetic Transduction Therapy (EMTT)

EMTT is a fairly new technology that transmits high energy magnetic pulses to targeted tissues. The magnetic waves synchronize with the body’s own magnetic fields, causing a disturbance that triggers a regenerative response. EMTT waves can penetrate deep tissues up to 18 cm beneath the skin’s surface, to target difficult-to-reach tendons, muscles, bones and nerves.

Extracorporeal Pulse Activation Technology (EPAT)

Extracorporeal Pulse Activation Technology (EPAT)

Extracorporeal Pulse Activation Technology (EPAT)

EPAT, also known as defocused shock wave therapy, uses acoustic pressure waves to enhance blood circulation to targeted tissues. This speeds up the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to damaged tissues and stimulates cellular metabolism, to accelerate the healing process.

High Energy Inductive Therapy (HEIT)

HEIT uses electromagnetic fields to penetrate cells, tissues, organs and bones, to reactivate the electrochemical function of cells and cell membranes. HEIT generates a magnetic field 600 times stronger than the field of a normal magnet, to stimulate healing of nerves, muscles and blood vessels.

INDIBA CT9 Radiofrequency Device

INDIBA CT9 Radiofrequency Device

Our INDIBA Tecar therapy machine converts electrical current into a stable radio frequency current of 448 kHz, designed to increase and stabilize the exchange of ions in damaged cells, evoking a regenerative response that accelerates healing. INDIBA can be used to successfully treat joint and muscle disorders, low-back pain, sports injuries, surgical incisions and various pain syndromes. Another therapeutic effect of INDIBA is extreme and prolonged cellular hyperthermia. Due to this effect, INDIBA therapy combined with manual therapy and soft tissue tissue manipulation enables instantaneous release to occur, significantly shortening the number and duration of physical therapy sessions. What is normally accomplished in two months of physical therapy can be accomplished in 3-4 sessions with INDIBA.

Ultrasound Guided Dry Needling

Myofascial trigger points often contribute to lower back pain. Dry needling is an outpatient procedure that inserts non-medicated needles into the trigger point to evoke a twitch response, releasing the trigger point and immediately relieving pain. Ultrasound guidance eliminates the need for multiple insertions, reducing pain and discomfort for the patient.

Regenerative Ultrasound Guided Injection Therapies

Ultrasound Guided Injection

Injection therapies use natural/neutral solutions that stimulate cellular repair by either nourishing or irritating the targeted cells. Guidance by ultrasound ensures that the injected substances hit their mark, for maximum effectiveness.

Focused Shockwave Therapy

Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)

PRP therapy uses a sample of the patient’s own whole blood, which is spun in a centrifuge to extract a high concentration of platelets. When injected into damaged tissues, PRP initiates tissue repair by releasing biologically active factors such as growth factors, cytokines, lysosomes and adhesion proteins. The injected solution stimulates the synthesis of new connective tissues and blood vessels. PRP can help to jump-start healing in chronic injuries and accelerate repair in acute injuries.

Proliferation Therapy, aka Prolotherapy

Prolotherapy uses a biologically neutral solution, often containing dextrose, saline or lidocaine. The solution irritates the affected connective tissue, stimulating the body’s own natural healing mechanisms to encourage growth of new normal ligament or tendon fibers.

Electromagnetic Transduction Therapy (EMTT)

Get Personalized IT Band Physical Therapy,
Designed Just for You

At NYDNRehab, we take a one-on-one approach to patient care. We understand that every patient has a unique anatomy, and that each condition has unique characteristics. We tailor our treatment plans to the individual, and never use cookie cutter approaches.

Our experience using innovative treatment methods and advanced technologies makes NYDNRehab the number one choice for IT band physical therapy and rehabilitation in NYC.

Get Pain-Free ITBS Treatment That Really Works

Get Pain-Free ITBS Treatment That Really Works

Conventional medicine treats ITBS at the locus of pain, without considering the interdependent structures that underlie its mechanisms. At NYDNRehab, we use the most advanced and innovative technologies to ensure that our athletes, dancers and runners with ITBS are accurately diagnosed and fully rehabilitated.

We help our patients get long-term relief by accurately diagnosing the underlying causes of ITBS, retraining motor patterns and restoring neuro-motor pathways. Our treatment approach goes beyond pain management, to actually regenerating damaged tissues and promoting healing. We are the top rated physical therapy clinic for ITBS in NYC.

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    IT Band Syndrome Treatment

    Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITBS) is a common injury that plagues runners, cyclists or weight-lifters (especially during squats). ITB syndrome is one of the main causes of knee pain in runners. The IT band is a thick band of fibrous tissue that runs along the outside (lateral) part of the knee, extending from outside the pelvis, over the hip and ending just below the knee. The band is extremely important in stabilizing the knee during running. During activity it moves from behind the femur (thigh bone) top for several weeks at a time or more.



    ITBS symptoms could be:

    • a stinging feeling above the knee
    • swelling of the tissue where the band goes over the femur
    • a snapping or popping sensation when the knee is bent
    • however Iliotibial band pain is a “side of the knee pain”

    The stinging feeling that is felt above the knee joint on the outside of the knee. At times the pain may strengthen over time and may not be felt in the beginning or during activity. In some instances the IT band pain may be felt above or below the knee, where it attaches to the tibia.

    Some activities to avoid when suffering from IT band syndrome:

    • Running
    • Climbing stairs
    • Biking
    • Squats
    • Soccer
    • Skiing
    • Dancing
    • Tennis
    • Martial Arts
    • Gold
    • Basketball
    • Skating
    • Gymnastics
    • Lacrosse

    While the causes of ITBS may vary on a person by person basis and at times more than one cause may be a facto have ITB syndrome.

    Intrinsic Factors may be:

    • Leg length difference
    • Limited ankle rang e of motion
    • Weakness of the knee muscles
    • Poor control of the knee muscles
    • Weakness in hip abductors (most common in long distance runners)
    • Flat feet or high arches
    • Myofascial limitations in the hip and thigh muscles
    • Bowed legs
    • Knock-Knees

    Extrinsic Factors may be:

    • Training mistakes
    • Excessive mileage
    • Improper or old running shoes
    • Not warming up or cooling down correctly
    • Sudden increase in training intensity
    • Sudden increase in miles running
    • To much running on a hill

    Tissue injury complex must be identified. A diagnostic ultrasound may be the most useful modality to differentiate between tendinopathy or bursitis at the site of injury.

    By addressing these two facto minimize stress of the ITB and in turn it will reduce the risk of injury.
    Tissue injury complex must be identified. A diagnostic ultrasound may be the most useful modality to differentiate between tendinopathy or bursitis at the site of injury.
    When IT band syndrome is acute therapy options could be rest, ice, and elevation. tor strengthening. Gait and running analysis is very helpful in diagnosis and planning of rehabilitation as well as running technique retraining.


    In this instance, an athlete was originally diagnosed with minor quadriceps muscle strain and was treated for four weeks, with unsatisfactory results. When he came to our clinic, the muscle was not healing, and the patients’ muscle tissue had already begun to atrophy.

    Upon examination using MSUS, we discovered that he had a full muscle thickness tear that had been overlooked by his previous provider. To mitigate damage and promote healing, surgery should have been performed immediately after the injury occurred. Because of misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment, the patient now has permanent damage that cannot be corrected.

    The most important advantage of Ultrasound over MRI imaging is its ability to zero in on the symptomatic region and obtain imaging, with active participation and feedback from the patient. Using dynamic MSUS, we can see what happens when patients contract their muscles, something that cannot be done with MRI. From a diagnostic perspective, this interaction is invaluable.

    Dynamic ultrasonography examination demonstrating
    the full thickness tear and already occurring muscle atrophy
    due to misdiagnosis and not referring the patient
    to proper diagnostic workup

    Demonstration of how very small muscle defect is made and revealed
    to be a complete tear with muscle contraction
    under diagnostic sonography (not possible with MRI)


    Complete tear of rectus femoris
    with large hematoma (blood)


    Separation of muscle ends due to tear elicited
    on dynamic sonography examination

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