Low Back Pain and Sciatica


Back pain is an epidemic in major industrial nations across the globe. It is estimated that up 80 percent of all adults will suffer back pain at some point in time during their life. This problem can take its to the society in which they live as well.

However, back pain in the sacral region, also known as LBP, is not an easily identifiable condition that one can simply diagnose and treat. This region of the body is complex with numerous possible reasons that back pain can occur. It helps if you first understand the anato effectively diagnose and treat chronic LBP. Still, it is not as simple as the soft-tissues located in the lower back, because the pain in this region can either be referred from or caused by issues in ancillary regions of the body—especially in the pelvic region, the upper legs, and the mid-back.

Regardless, when examining the lower back, the first muscle groups to include the lumbar and sacral plexus as well as their primary branches—especially the sciatic and femoral nerves.

However, pain in the lower back region can also be distinguished by duration, either acute or chronic. The latter of which may be designated differently from condition to pain in the region.

Outside of neurophysiological causes, the next route of diagnosis would be to protect the patient from further injury.

The next subsection of psychological factor may trigger a secondary action via norepinephrine—a stress hormone which can antagonize the sympathetic nervous system and cause undue pain.

Barriers to childhood abuse. However, this subsection also includes a bevy of other conditions like psychosis, drug abuse, or various personality disorders.

The second of the subsections in this group fall intoform pain disorder.

Both psychological and psychophysiological conditions may make treating LBP difficult whether because the patient is simply unable to their life. Likewise, patients who exhibit strong personality traits along the narcissistic spectrum may find a sense of self-satisfaction in the attention they receive for suffering under pain.

Antisocial, or non-violent psychopaths, may also present challenges for clinicians as they are apt to be a result of a different and often more serious condition—generally organic in nature.

The psychological facto a fatalistic sense of futility.

Psychosocial facto influence from their social network or caused by the stress such interaction facilitate.

Regardless, it is the clinicians job and duty toms from a psychological cause. Without doing so, many patients may simply go untreated or make no headway in their treatment.


In this instance, an athlete was originally diagnosed with minor quadriceps muscle strain and was treated for four weeks, with unsatisfactory results. When he came to our clinic, the muscle was not healing, and the patients’ muscle tissue had already begun to atrophy.

Upon examination using MSUS, we discovered that he had a full muscle thickness tear that had been overlooked by his previous provider. To mitigate damage and promote healing, surgery should have been performed immediately after the injury occurred. Because of misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment, the patient now has permanent damage that cannot be corrected.

The most important advantage of Ultrasound over MRI imaging is its ability to zero in on the symptomatic region and obtain imaging, with active participation and feedback from the patient. Using dynamic MSUS, we can see what happens when patients contract their muscles, something that cannot be done with MRI. From a diagnostic perspective, this interaction is invaluable.

Dynamic ultrasonography examination demonstrating
the full thickness tear and already occurring muscle atrophy
due to misdiagnosis and not referring the patient
to proper diagnostic workup

Demonstration of how very small muscle defect is made and revealed
to be a complete tear with muscle contraction
under diagnostic sonography (not possible with MRI)


Complete tear of rectus femoris
with large hematoma (blood)


Separation of muscle ends due to tear elicited
on dynamic sonography examination

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