Imaging technology for musculoskeletal injuries has been a game changer for practitioners whose treatment approaches depend on being able to see beneath the surface. Over the past several decades, MRI has been the imaging tool of choice due to its ability to provide clear still shots of ligaments, muscles, tendons and bones to reveal the locus and nature of damaged tissue.
Ultrasonography has been available for several decades as well, but early iterations of the technology provided unclear images that needed to be confirmed with MRI. However, recent advances in ultrasound technology have rendered it an accurate and in many cases preferable mode of soft tissue imaging.
Thanks to higher frequency transducers, significant increases in ultrasound image resolution make it possible to distinguish minute structures like individual nerve fascicles and tendon fibers. Power Doppler imaging allows for improved resolution of deeper structures.
Despite these distinct advantages, ultrasound should not be considered a competitor with MRI, but rather an imaging option that sometimes complements MRI. However, the question remains whether redundant imaging is in any way advantageous to the patient, or has any value in determining the clinical management of a musculoskeletal injury.
MRI After Ultrasound Studied
In a 2017 presentation at the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) Conference, Dr. Lulu He, a musculoskeletal radiology fellow at the Cleveland Clinic, revealed the findings of a retrospective review of 129 cases over a four-year period, where MRI was prescribed within 90 days after the patient had received an ultrasound scan. In only one case was an abnormality found on MRI that had not been detected by ultrasound.
The researchers noted that some practitioners routinely order MRI after ultrasound, even when it is not recommended by radiologists. In particular, orthopedists are most likely to prescribe MRI after ultrasound, with the foot and ankle being the most common body parts examined, followed by the shoulder, hip and knee respectively. In only 19 of the 129 cases studied did radiologists recommend ultrasound to clarify ambiguous imaging findings.
The researchers concluded that an MRI performed after an initial ultrasound for musculoskeletal injuries is almost always in concordance with the ultrasound results, and clinical management strategies are rarely changed after an MRI.
Given the advantages of ultrasound over MRI, the inconvenience of MRI, and the expense incurred by patients with redundant imaging, it stands to reason that MRI should only be prescribed subsequent to ultrasound in cases where the interpretation of ultrasound imaging is ambiguous.
Musculoskeletal Injury Diagnosis and Treatment in NYC
The sports medicine team at NYDNRehab prides itself on accurate diagnosis of musculoskeletal injuries. We use diagnostic ultrasound imaging interactively with our patients to visualize the area of injury in real time, enabling patients to participate in their own diagnosis and treatment. Our state-of-the-art technologies combined with the experience and dedication of our staff make NYDNRehab the best rehabilitation clinic in NYC.