Sports Injuries of the Shoulder

sports shoulder injuries

General Information About Sports Injuries of the Shoulder

Depending on the sport, an athlete may be at a high risk of suffering an injury to make overhead motions. Sports like American or Rugby rules football, Volleyball, and Tennis are all sports which may put continuous stress on the muscles in the shoulder region and cause an injury.

As one of the larger muscle groups in the body, acute injuries together.

However, due to a competitive level of performance.

Types of Sports Shoulder Injuries

Some of the primary types of injuries to or exacerbate other conditions like impingement of brachial nerves or frozen shoulder syndrome if not treated quickly and effectively.

Anatomy of the Shoulder

The shoulder is a region of the body that has so many possibilities for injury because numerous soft tissues either begin, end or secure this region of the body. One of the largest joints in the body, the shoulder can roughly be understor cuff muscles.

Primary Causes of Sports Shoulder Injuries

One potential cause of injuries to protract and retract within a 100 percent range in normal, healthy patients. Even if the scapular position is asymmetrical, the range may indicate a healthy function. Conversely, even if the scapular is symmetrical, an inhibited range of motion or pain during either protraction or retraction can be indicative of shoulder region injuries.

Scapular dyskinesis has also been linked to alleviate this aside from rest and restive techniques—which may include heat, cold, or physical therapy.

Another consideration when examining shoulder problems may identify nerve impingement as a cause. This is especially prevalent with the brachial plexus, the nerves that run from the cervical vertebrae and enervate the arms. There are two likely culprits for this condition, though both anterior muscles groups, as well as posterior muscle groups, may be the cause. In the front or anterior, part of the body the pecto consider. In the back or posterior, side of the body, the subscapularis muscle may be the source of brachial nerve impingement. The latter cause can also be exacerbated by scapular dyskinesis discussed earlier.

Prevalence of Sports Shoulder Injuries

Injuries to injury involved overuse or poor technique. Over the course of 1000 hours of training, male swimmers had a rate of 4 injuries while female swimmers had a slightly lower rate of 3.78 injuries. Specifically, for shoulder pain, over 90 percent of swimmers between the ages of 13 and 25 reported having an episode of shoulder pain at least once.

With volleyball players, the most common occurrence for shoulder issues arises during serving or spiking accounting for up to about 80 percent of the time. Still, other common sources of injury for the shoulder while playing volleyball include shoulder tendonitis, which can account for between 8 and 20 percent of shoulder related injuries.

However, it is interesting to become injured.

Diagnosing a Sports Shoulder Injury

When diagnosing an injury to identify any dissimilarities. Asymmetrical positioning of the soft tissues may indicate the problem, however, as previously noted, a certain degree of asymmetry can be expected and unexceptional. In this instance, the clinician will look for other visible signs of injury like swelling or bruising. Following this visual assessment, a range of motion test is indicated, specifically checking the sternoclavicular joint as well as the acromioclavicular joint. Afterward, the next regions the clinician will check include what most would deem the shoulder, especially the muscle groups and other various soft tissues surrounding the glenohumeral joint. Testing for muscles weakness with resisted tension or light isometric exercises may be indicated depending on the type and severity of the injury.

Treatment for Sports Shoulder Injuries

Non-surgery based treatment will vary from injury to their previously healthy state without scarring or as much replacement with scar tissue.

Other conservative treatments for injuries to a decrease in strength incurred during repetitive overhead exertions.

Sports Shoulder Injury Treatment NYC

If you find yourself in need of sports shoulder injury treatment in NYC, there are a variety of clinicians who specialize in conservative and other non-invasive treatment approaches such as the New York Dynamic Neuromuscular Rehabilitation & Physical Therapy center. They specialize in the diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of athletes suffering from sports related injuries. Moreover, they also provide the necessary therapy and rehabilitation services as a follow-up for those who require or elect for surgery. The head of the center, Dr. Kalika, can also devise a program to help assist with the prevention of sports related injuries in the future.


In this instance, an athlete was originally diagnosed with minor quadriceps muscle strain and was treated for four weeks, with unsatisfactory results. When he came to our clinic, the muscle was not healing, and the patients’ muscle tissue had already begun to atrophy.

Upon examination using MSUS, we discovered that he had a full muscle thickness tear that had been overlooked by his previous provider. To mitigate damage and promote healing, surgery should have been performed immediately after the injury occurred. Because of misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment, the patient now has permanent damage that cannot be corrected.

The most important advantage of Ultrasound over MRI imaging is its ability to zero in on the symptomatic region and obtain imaging, with active participation and feedback from the patient. Using dynamic MSUS, we can see what happens when patients contract their muscles, something that cannot be done with MRI. From a diagnostic perspective, this interaction is invaluable.

Dynamic ultrasonography examination demonstrating
the full thickness tear and already occurring muscle atrophy
due to misdiagnosis and not referring the patient
to proper diagnostic workup

Demonstration of how very small muscle defect is made and revealed
to be a complete tear with muscle contraction
under diagnostic sonography (not possible with MRI)


Complete tear of rectus femoris
with large hematoma (blood)


Separation of muscle ends due to tear elicited
on dynamic sonography examination

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