About Achilles Tendon

About Achilles Tendon Blog
The Achilles tendon is a long tendon that connects the heel with calf muscles. The function of the Achilles tendon is simple but crucial: it allows you to extend your foot and point your toes to the floor.

Common Causes of Achilles Tendon Injury

  • Repetitive stress caused by overuse
  • Not increasing physical activity slowly – quick and tremendous stress
  • Not enough stretching and warming up before exercise
  • Wearing high heels
  • Feet problems like flat feet. It leads to disposition of pressure on the foot.
  • Too tight muscles/tendons in the foot.

Leg muscles

Muscles of the right leg, posterior view

m. gastrocnemius caput mediale
m. gastrocnemius caput laterale
m. soleus (calf muscle)

Normal
Achilles tendon

Do you know that the Achilles tendon is the thickest and strongest one in the body?

Do you know that during walking the Achilles tendon can withstand a stress load 3.9 times exceeding your body weight?

Calcaneal tendon (Achilles)

Achilles injuries

Here’s the list of the most common injuries of the Achilles tendon:

Tenosynovitis

Tendon’s tissue sheath becomes inflamed, swollen, and hot

Tendon rupture

It occurs when the Achilles tendon is completely or partially torn. Also, tendon rupture may be caused by medication side effects, laceration or crushing.

Tendinosis (tendonitis)

Degeneration and inflammation of the Achilles lead to its partial breakdown or even tears (in chronic cases).

How to Treat Achilles Tendon Conditions

In case of tendonitis or tendinosis

  • Stop doing physical or any other activity that causes your Achilles tendon to ache. Get some rest.
  • Gentle stretches are a daily must
  • Be proactive and strengthen your Achilles tendon with calf raises
  • Try physical therapy
  • Keep your Achilles tendon cold with ice. Apply a pack of ice every time after exercising or physical therapy.

In case of tendon rupture or laceration

  • Do not do anything that causes pain. Get some rest and forget about stretching and exercising – it will have a negative impact on the tendon.
  • Surgery. If you have a complete rupture of the tendon, surgery is needed.

Leave a Reply


MRI After Ultrasound: Is It Really Necessary? Blog

MRI After Ultrasound: Is It Really Necessary?

Imaging technology for musculoskeletal injuries has been a game changer for practitioners whose treatment approaches depend on being able to see beneath the surface. Over the past several decades, MRI has been the imaging tool of choice due to its ability to provide clear still shots of ligaments, muscles, tendons and bones to reveal the […]

Read More (0)

April 13, 2018

Shock Away Pain from Knee OA with ESWT Blog

Shock Away Pain from Knee OA with ESWT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common affliction that causes stiffness, crackling, swelling and  tenderness in your joints. While it may occur in any joint, OA is particularly debilitating in the knee, as it can become quite painful when walking, causing you to limp and restricting your daily activities. It is estimated that OA affects up to […]

Read More (0)

September 29, 2017

130 West 42 Street, Suite 1055, New York, NY 10036
130 west 42 street, suite 1055 New York, NY 10036

Contact Us



You can call
or Send message
1-866-311-5889